TYPES OF CURED HAM
Lovers of cured pork are usually good connoisseurs of the diverse types of ham. They can even distinguish the variety of ham before they taste it – the aroma, colour and texture are different in each case. These differences are really evident between cured Serrano ham and cured Iberian ham. Not all Serrano hams are the same, nor are Iberian hams of the same quality. There are two fundamental types when classifying this product: Serrano ham and Iberian ham. Once classified you only have to enjoy each of its varieties.
Iberian ham comes from the pig known as Iberian pig, which can be found particularly in the Andalusian meadows. These animals live in freedom, being exercise an essential element for them that will later affect the quality of flavour. Depending on the type of feed the pig has received, different nuances can be obtained from the tasting.
100% Iberian ham fed only with acorn is one of the most appreciated varieties. Other hams, also exquisite, come from pigs whose Iberian breed percentage is lower and have been fed with acorn, fodder and natural pastures in different proportions.
1. JAMÓN IBÉRICO DE BELLOTA. The animal feeds on acorn throughout its whole life. This kind of ham is the most exquisite ham on the market and, in turn, the most expensive.
2. JAMÓN IBÉRICO DE CEBO. The animal feeds on natural feed and pastures throughout its whole life.
Whatever its type, Iberian ham is the most coveted by lovers of this foodstuff and you can not hesitate to try a dish. Don’t leave Andalusia without experiencing this explosion of flavours and, if you can, accompany it with a good Andalusian wine.
Serrano ham comes from the white pig and its diet is based on cereal-derived feed. In this case, the variety depends on the curing time. This delight is more widespread and is usually used for sandwiches at breakfast (the most typical one is ham with oil and tomato) or as an additional ingredient for other recipes such as salmorejo, sautéed mushrooms, or any type of filling or garnish for other meats.